The duties of the Aerodynamics sub-system are the aerodynamic design and trajectory analysis of the rocket, as well as the development of configurations and automatic control systems to improve its performance. To achieve the best possible results, the sub-system develops its own tools, performs CFD analysis and wind tunnel testing.
Aerodynamic Design department
The main goal of the Aerodynamic Design department it to design a stable rocket that reaches the target apogee precisely. The design process consists of multiple stages and constant improvements are made until the requirements are met and the desired result is accomplished.
During the first stages lower fidelity tools, like OpenRocket, are used to save time, while high fidelity ones (e.g. CFD) are utilized in the latter stages. Moreover, wind tunnel testing is performed to validate the results.
In OpenRocket the initial configuration layout and sizing are determined and an estimation of the weights is given. Additionally, aerodynamic characteristics (e.g. drag) and stability are calculated and a trajectory analysis is performed. The best accuracy is provided by Computational Fluid Dynamics Software (CFD), through which the aerodynamic characteristics and the stability are again calculated. At the same time, the airflow around the rocket is studied. For this purpose, the sub-system uses the pre-processor ANSA from Beta CAE systems for meshing and ANSYS CFD/Fluent as solvers.
The final dimensions of the nosecone and fins are determined with trade studies realized through CFD analysis.
During the design process, the members are also provided with the rare opportunity to study complicated aerodynamic phenomena, like flow separation in fins and shockwave formation at supersonic speeds.
Another significant part of the sub-system is the Research & Development of new configurations, mechanisms, and design tools. The most important ones until now are the:
- Tailcone: Using project PEGASUS as a baseline, the effects of a tailcone in a rocket’s performance were studied, with the intention to used it in future projects. Its purpose is to reduce the drag of the rocket, by minimizing vortices generated from the base of the rocket.
- Performance assessment and trajectory analysis: The sub-system is currently developing a performance assessment and trajectory analysis tool which will replace OpenRocket. This will provide better accuracy and a more precise simulation, while maintaining the ease of use OpenRocket provides.